Some anthropogenic changes in the geological environment in Bulgaria

Pages: 
pp. 107-111
Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
Abstract: 

The anthropogenic factor is an equally important factor among the natural phenomena, changing the geological environment. It is displayed to a much higher extent than the natural processes in some sites as open-cast mines, quarries, aggregate quarries, tailing ponds, refuse dumps, landfills, etc. The natural environment is transformed within only a few years to such an outlook, which is impossible to acquire in the course of hundreds of years. A great part of the anthropogenic effects are analogous to the natural ones and have one and the same physical character. A corresponding technogenic analogue is correlated with each natural destructive geological process. However, the proceeding slow changes in nature in the course of hundreds and millions of years take place in a very short time – months and years, as a result of the anthropogenic impact. This impact is concentrated on relatively smaller areas compared to the general scale of the natural processes. The geological hazard in the case of technogenic processes ensues from the fast rates of their development and intensity in particular sites, when the geomorphological, hydrogeological and engineering geological conditions are drastically changed in a very short time. The so called anthropogenic relief is created, which changes radically the geological environment and redirects also the manifestation of the natural processes as the erosion, abrasion, suffusion, weathering, etc., creating at the same time new geostatic and geodynamic conditions by the changed loading in particular parts of the massif. The acting forces in the geological geological environment are redistributed and a new equilibrium is reached, when it is possible to activate processes as slow creep along the slopes with subsequent landslides. These are one of the most often displayed anthropogenic changes of the geological environment in the open-cast mine development. The stability of the newly formed slopes is always very important in the case of open-cast mine workings. Regardless of this fact, the preliminary calculations cannot always exclude landslide occurrence. There are many similar examples from the open-cast mines in "Maritsa-Iztok", "Medet", "Assarel", "Elatsite", "Pernik", "Kremikovtsi" and elsewhere.

VOLUME 32 (2-4)/December 2002 110th Anniversary of Acad. Prof. Strashimir Dimitrov; XVII Congress of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association

Geologica Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev str. Bl. 24

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences,Sofia 1113, Bulgaria, Acad. G. Bonchev str, bl. 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences,Sofia 1113, Bulgaria, Acad. G. Bonchev str, bl. 24
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Earth Science Section of the Uviversity of Geneva, 13, rue des Maraîchers, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
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Earth Science Section of the Uviversity of Geneva, 13, rue des Maraîchers, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute BAS, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Sofia University "Sv. Kliment Ohridski", 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Sofia University "Sv. Kliment Ohridski", Tsar Osvobodilel Blvd, 15, 1000 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria
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University of Mining and Geology "Sv. Ivan Rilski", 1700, Sofia

Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, P.O.B. 4019, 664033 Irkutsk
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Geological Institute, BAS, Acad. G. Bonchev Street Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute of BAS, 24 Acad. G. Bonchev Sir., BG - 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute of BAS, 24 Acad. G. Bonchev Sir., BG - 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute of BAS, 24 Acad. G. Bonchev Sir., BG - 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

University of Mining and Geology, Studentski grad, Sofia, 1100, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute of Romania, Caransebes Str. No 1, Bucharest, RO-78344, Romania
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University of Belgrade, Dusina 7, Belgrad, 11000, Yugoslavia
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Geological Institute of Romania, Caransebes Str. No 1, Bucharest, RO-78344, Romania

Geological Institute at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1113

Sofia University "Sv. Kl. Ohridski", Department of Geology and Palaeontology, 1504 Sofia