Place, role and significance of the propylites in Bulgaria

Pages: 
pp. 73-75
Abstract: 

Independently of the wide development of the medium and low temperature hydrothermal alterations of the Upper Cretaceous and Tertiary volcanics in the Srednogorie and Rhodope zone, their terminological designation and use are too various. Typical cases in this respect are the propylites. Very often their classical determination given in 1868 by Rithoffen (Русинов, 1972) as hydrothermal alteration of andesites and dacites preceding the gold-silver ore mineralization is neglected. Especially for Bulgaria, a similar destiny have had the results obtained by Lewien (1933). For a long time they were insufficiently rationally used in our geological practice where terms "strong", "medium" and "weakly" altered volcanics are used frequently instead of the proposed by the same author three main types of propylitization - carbonate, chlorite and sulphide (pyritic) type. The evolution of the opinions of Strashimir Dimitrov (Димитров, 1961) about the sense of the term "propylitization" is quite interesting. In 1936 he considered the hydrothermal alterations of the Upper Cretaceous andesites in the Srednogorie zone as a result of a "deep autometamorphosis". He connected to this process also the origin of ore mineralization of native copper, some deposits of copper sulphides and manganese ores. In 1946 S. Dimitrov used the term "propylitization" and considered it as dominantly zeolitic, chloritic and pyritic. In 1955 he mentioned a "greenschist facies" metamorphism that had developed in submarine conditions...

VOLUME 32 (2-4)/December 2002 110th Anniversary of Acad. Prof. Strashimir Dimitrov; XVII Congress of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association

Geologica Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev str. Bl. 24

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences,Sofia 1113, Bulgaria, Acad. G. Bonchev str, bl. 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences,Sofia 1113, Bulgaria, Acad. G. Bonchev str, bl. 24
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Earth Science Section of the Uviversity of Geneva, 13, rue des Maraîchers, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
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Earth Science Section of the Uviversity of Geneva, 13, rue des Maraîchers, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute BAS, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Sofia University "Sv. Kliment Ohridski", 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Sofia University "Sv. Kliment Ohridski", Tsar Osvobodilel Blvd, 15, 1000 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria
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University of Mining and Geology "Sv. Ivan Rilski", 1700, Sofia

Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, P.O.B. 4019, 664033 Irkutsk
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Geological Institute, BAS, Acad. G. Bonchev Street Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute of BAS, 24 Acad. G. Bonchev Sir., BG - 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute of BAS, 24 Acad. G. Bonchev Sir., BG - 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute of BAS, 24 Acad. G. Bonchev Sir., BG - 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

University of Mining and Geology, Studentski grad, Sofia, 1100, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute of Romania, Caransebes Str. No 1, Bucharest, RO-78344, Romania
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University of Belgrade, Dusina 7, Belgrad, 11000, Yugoslavia
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Geological Institute of Romania, Caransebes Str. No 1, Bucharest, RO-78344, Romania

Geological Institute at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1113

Sofia University "Sv. Kl. Ohridski", Department of Geology and Palaeontology, 1504 Sofia