Catastrophic deposits in the Bulgarian Lower Cretaceous

Pages: 
pp. 45-47
Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Abstract: 

Catastrophic sediments are formed under the influence of sharp and short-term natural phenomena – earthquakes, tsunami, hurricanes, storms, submarine slumps, continuous torrential rains etc. They could be caused by different reasons (relief and land dynamics, shelf and continental slope, sharp climatic changes, impact and orbital influences etc.) which have outside (allocyclic) character in respect to the deposition. These deposits are named catastrophic because they are a result of the very short-term phenomena (Ager, 1974, 1993; Einsele, 1991; Seilacher, 1991). 
   The sediments discussed are genetically and dynamically determined and characterized in diverse Lower Cretaceous cross sections in Bulgaria. The basic types of catastrophic deposits in the Bulgarian Lower Cretaceous record are: debrites and diamictites with chaotic structure, very thick extensive debrites, as well as tempestites and beds with hummocky cross stratification (HCS). Specific event deposits are so called fluxoturbidites, whose origin is connected to the combination between turbiditic curents and significant submarine slumping. Generally these are thick-bedded deposits with slightly expressed graded stratification, often with chaotic structure and practically without any marks on the lower bed surface of the sand beds.
   The following types of catasttophic deposits were established in the Lower Cretaceous sections in the region of the Central and Eastern Balkan: 1) mass debris flow deposits - debrites and diamictites (or mixtites); 2) tempestites; 3) sediments with hummocky-cross-stratified bedding; 4) submarine slumps and slumping. Their formation is conditioned by the specificy of the palaeogeographic environment...

VOLUME 32 (2-4)/December 2002 110th Anniversary of Acad. Prof. Strashimir Dimitrov; XVII Congress of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association

Geologica Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., block 24

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev str. Bl. 24

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences,Sofia 1113, Bulgaria, Acad. G. Bonchev str, bl. 24
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences,Sofia 1113, Bulgaria, Acad. G. Bonchev str, bl. 24
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Earth Science Section of the Uviversity of Geneva, 13, rue des Maraîchers, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
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Earth Science Section of the Uviversity of Geneva, 13, rue des Maraîchers, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute BAS, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Sofia University "Sv. Kliment Ohridski", 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Sofia University "Sv. Kliment Ohridski", Tsar Osvobodilel Blvd, 15, 1000 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria
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University of Mining and Geology "Sv. Ivan Rilski", 1700, Sofia

Geological institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, P.O.B. 4019, 664033 Irkutsk
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, 1113

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Geological Institute, BAS, Acad. G. Bonchev Street Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute of BAS, 24 Acad. G. Bonchev Sir., BG - 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute of BAS, 24 Acad. G. Bonchev Sir., BG - 1113 Sofia
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Geological Institute of BAS, 24 Acad. G. Bonchev Sir., BG - 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

University of Mining and Geology, Studentski grad, Sofia, 1100, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute of Romania, Caransebes Str. No 1, Bucharest, RO-78344, Romania
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University of Belgrade, Dusina 7, Belgrad, 11000, Yugoslavia
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Geological Institute of Romania, Caransebes Str. No 1, Bucharest, RO-78344, Romania

Geological Institute at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1113

Sofia University "Sv. Kl. Ohridski", Department of Geology and Palaeontology, 1504 Sofia