Scanning electron microscope and light microscope study of selected palynomorphs from late Miocene sediments of Sofia Basin, Southwest Bulgaria

Pages: 
pp. 53-58
Institute of Botany, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1113, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 23
Institute of Botany, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1113, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 23
Abstract: 

This article is focused on pollen morphology of some of the most abundant fossil pollen types from late Miocene sediments in Sofia Basin (Southwest Bulgaria). The investigation includes detailed morphological characteristic of the pollen types using observations under light and scanning electron microscope. Materials from the C-14 core near the village of Katina are the subject of this study. The age was determined as middle and upper Pontian on the basis of molluscs and mammals. Three pollen types from gymnosperm plants (Glyptostrobus type, Pinus diploxylon type and Tsuga canadensis type) and ten pollen types from angiosperm plants (Alnus sp., Betula sp., Carpinus sp., Corylus sp., Quercus robur type, Ulmus sp., Liquidambar sp., Juglans sp., Carya sp., Chenopodiaceae gen. ind.) have been described.

Keywords: 

late Miocene, morphology, pollen, SEM, Sofia Basin, Bulgaria

VOLUME 38 (1-3)/December 2009

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Science, 1113 Sofia; Institute of Isotope Geochemistry and Mineral Resources, ETH-Zurich, 8092 Zurich
|
Institute of Isotope Geochemistry and Mineral Resources, ETH-Zurich, 8092 Zurich
|
Central Laboratory of Mineralogy and Crystallography, Bulgarian Academy of Science, 1113 Sofia
|
Central Laboratory of Mineralogy and Crystallography, Bulgarian Academy of Science, 1113 Sofia
|
Central Laboratory of Mineralogy and Crystallography, Bulgarian Academy of Science, 1113 Sofia;
|
Institute of Geology, Ural Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, 167982 Syktyvkar, Russia

Department of Geography & Climatology, Faculty of Geology & Geoenvironment, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, University Campus (Panepistimiopolis), Zografou, ZC 15784, Athens, Greece
|
Department of Dynamic-Tectonic-Applied Geology, Faculty of Geology & Geoenvironment, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, University Campus (Panepistimiopolis), Zografou, ZC 15784, Athens, Greece
|
Department of Geography & Climatology, Faculty of Geology & Geoenvironment, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, University Campus (Panepistimiopolis), Zografou, ZC 15784, Athens, Greece

Institute of Botany, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1113, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 23
|
Institute of Botany, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1113, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 23

Department of Hydrogeology, Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
|
Department of Hydrogeology, Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
|
Hydrogeology Laboratory, Institute of Water Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991 Moscow, Russia

Sofia University, Dept. of Geology, Paleontology and Fossil Fuels, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria
|
Sofia University, Dept. of Geology, Paleontology and Fossil Fuels, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria