An example of a complete study of karst hydrogeology (Al Sinn Basin, Syria). III. Geothermal and hydrogeochemical indications of groundwater flow and drainage

Pages: 
pp. 85-92
Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
General Company for Hydraulic Studies, Horns, P. O. Box 752, Syria
Abstract: 

Groundwater flow in the Al Sinn basin has a major effect on the geothermal regime in the area. It also greatly influences the groundwarter chemical composition. It follows hereof that vertical, as well as horizontal distribution of groundwater temperature and composition can be used to derive the specific flow and drainage pattern in the aquifer of Cenomanian-Turonian limestones. Both the temperature and the water mineralization are lower in the places of higher flow rates. This is valid not only for the Cenomani an-Turonian limestone aquifer itself but also for the surface layers. Mapping the surface geothermal and hydrogeochemical patterns has outlined the areas where groundwater drains off into the Mediterranean. Wells drilled accordingly have confirmed the inferred drainage system. The full agreement of conclusions drawn from the analyses of hydrodynamic, geothermal and hydrogeochemical characteristics of the basin demonstrates that a complete hydrogeological study produces very good results in a short time at highly reduced exploration costs. The same methodological approach can be used in other hydrogeological exploration projects.

VOLUME 20 (1)/February 1990

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
|
Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
|
Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia
|
General Company for Hydraulic Studies, Horns, P. O. Box 752, Syria